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Wednesday, December 30, 2009

India - last issue: Maharaja Suraj Mal

Date Of Issue: 29.12.2009
Maharaja Suraj Mal (1707–1763) was ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan in India. He has been described by a contemporary historian as "the Plato of the Jat people" and by a modern writer as the "Jat Ulysses", because of his political sagacity, steady intellect and clear vision. He was the greatest warrior and ablest statesman.
His exact date of birth is not known. Thakur Ganga Singh has mentioned in his book 'Gyat vansha Bharatpur ka itihas' about the birth of Maharaja Suraj Mal. He has referred to a folk-song badhaya sung by ladies on special Royal functions as a testomony. According to him Suraj Mal is believed to be born on the Hindu calendar tithi of akshyatratiya in the month of February 1707.
Suraj Mal was son of Badan Singh. All the authorities other than Wendel, do not express any doubt about the parentage of Suraj Mal. They clearly mention him as the son of Badan Singh. Sudan and Somnath who had personal acquaintance with the Jat affairs, mention him as the eldest son of Badan Singh. The author of Tarikh-i-Ahmad Shahi, also a contemporary of Suraj Mal, mentions Badan Singh as the father of Suraj Mal. Giving full details, Fransoo, an authority weightier than Wendel, tells us that Suraj Mal was Badan singh’s eldest son, born of Rani Devki of Jat family from Kama. Several other sources also confirm this view.
Raja suraj Mal was 56 years old at the time of his death.
Postal authority India

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